*** borrowed from Wikipedia***
A dream is a succession of images, sounds or emotions that the mind experiences during sleep. The content and purpose of dreams are not fully understood, though they have been a topic of speculation and interest throughout recorded history. The scientific study of dreams is known as oneirology.
Definition of a dream
The definition of dream used in quantitative research is defined through four base components:
1) a form of thinking that occurs under minimal brain direction, external stimuli are blocked, and the part of the brain that recognizes self shuts down;
2) a form of experience that we believed we experience through our senses;
3) something memorable;
4) have some interpretation of experience by self.
In summary, a dream, as defined by Bill Domhoff and Adam Schneider, is "a report of a memory of a cognitive experience that happens under the kinds of conditions that are most frequently produced in a state called 'sleep.'"
Authentic dreams are defined by their tendency to occur "within the realm of experience" and reflect actual memories or experiences the dreamer can relate to. Authentic dreams are believed to be the side effect of synaptic efficacy refreshment that occurs without errors.
Research suggests that the brain stimulation that occurs during dreaming authentic dreams is significant in reinforcing neurological pathways, serving as a method for the mind to "rehearse" certain things during sleep.
Defined as dreams that contain impossible, incongruent, or bizarre content as the types of dreams hypothesized to stem from memory circuits accumulating efficacy errors. In theory, old memories having undergone synaptic efficacy refreshment multiple times throughout one's lifetime result in accumulating errors that manifest as illusory dreams when stimulated. Qualities of illusory dreaming have been linked to delusions observed in mental disorders. Illusory dreams are believed to most likely stem from older memories that experience this accumulation of errors in contrast to authentic dreams that stem from more recent experiences.
Lucid dreaming is the conscious perception of one's state while dreaming. In this state a person usually has control over characters and the environment of the dream as well as the dreamer's own actions within the dream. The occurrence of lucid dreaming has been scientifically verified.
Oneironaut is a term sometimes used for those who lucidly dream.
Dreams of absent-minded transgression
Dreams of absent-minded transgression (DAMT) are dreams wherein the dreamer absentmindedly performs an action that he or she has been trying to stop (one classic example is of a quitting smoker having dreams of lighting a cigarette). Subjects who have had DAMT have reported waking with intense feelings of guilt. One study found a positive association between having these dreams and successfully stopping the behavior.
Dreaming and the "real world"
During the night there may be many external stimuli bombarding the senses, but the brain often interprets the stimulus and makes it a part of a dream in order to ensure continued sleep. Dream incorporation is a phenomenon whereby an actual sensation, such as environmental sounds, are incorporated into dreams, such as hearing a phone ringing in a dream while it is ringing in reality or dreaming of urination while wetting the bed. The mind can, however, awaken an individual if they are in danger or if trained to respond to certain sounds, such as a baby crying.
Except in the case of lucid dreaming, people dream without being aware that they are doing so. Some philosophers have concluded that what we think of as the "real world" could be or is an illusion (an idea known as the skeptical hypothesis about ontology).
The first recorded mention of the idea was by Zhuangzi, and is also discussed in Hinduism; Buddhism makes extensive use of the argument in its writings. It was formally introduced to Western philosophy by Descartes in the 17th century in his Meditations on First Philosophy. Stimulus, usually an auditory one, becomes a part of a dream, eventually then awakening the dreamer. The term "dream incorporation" is also used in research examining the degree to which preceding daytime events become elements of dreams. Recent studies suggest that events in the day immediately preceding, and those about a week before, have the most influence.
The recall of dreams is extremely unreliable, though it is a skill that can be trained. Dreams can usually be recalled if a person is awakened while dreaming. Women tend to have more frequent dream recall than men. Dreams that are difficult to recall may be characterized by relatively little affect, and factors such as salience, arousal, and interference play a role in dream recall. Often, a dream may be recalled upon viewing or hearing a random trigger or stimulus. A dream journal can be used to assist dream recall, for psychotherapy or entertainment purposes. For some people, vague images or sensations from the previous night's dreams are sometimes spontaneously experienced in falling asleep. However they are usually too slight and fleeting to allow dream recall. At least 95% of all dreams are not remembered. Certain brain chemicals necessary for converting short-term memories into long-term ones are suppressed during REM sleep. Unless a dream is particularly vivid and if one wakes during or immediately after it, the content of the dream will not be remembered. The most common emotion experienced in dreams is anxiety. Other emotions include pain, abandonment, fear, joy, happiness, etc. Negative emotions are much more common than positive ones
*****All of the above was borrowed from Wikipedia though I took the liberty to edit and rearrange for your reading pleasure.****
So- what inspired this Muse? Well, the other night, I had a very vivid dream that I was attempting to milk a male Beagle in a grassy area. The dog was waddling away from my and I could see the very full mammary glands. The grass was half as tall as the dog, and I have no idea of where this grassy area was. Just that I was crawling after this dog, pursuing it, and while doing so, I was contemplating placing the dog milk into our store bought milk container so as to dupe our family members into thinking they were drinking cow's milk! While dreaming the dream, I was also pondering why a male Beagle would be lactating, and my dream mind decided that this was completely logical as they had all of the necessary apparatus (nipples),
I awoke the next morning giggling at the freakishness of this dream and wondering what on Earth (or not on Earth for that matter) could have inspired such a bizarre dream. I put it on my Facebook and got only one response from my nephew who is in the process of becoming a Criminal Psychologist. Here is his response, "Most research shows that dreams are a random collection of interrelated thoughts. Also dreams can be focused on things that have been dominating your thoughts. But mostly Freud was wrong when certain things mean certain things. But from a religious standpoint there may be some room for interpretation." I thought that was pretty good.
So I went on the net to do a bit of research. I have always been a lucid dreamer, guess I am such a control freak that I can't give it up even in the dream state. I often wake myself up when the dreams get too realistic and or bizarre. I have excellent recall but oftentimes don't recall the dream until I experience a trigger. Then they come flashing back all at once. That might explain the far away look I get when I am supposed to be listening. I have dreamt in French, in animation (though only once!!!) I recall taste and texture (dreamt of "jeans" made out of a foam like material!) I love discussing dream content with anyone who is interested. My hubby is burnt out on this topic, much the same way I am burnt out on discussing sports of any sort. But three of our four kids inherited the lucid dreaming and recall from their ma. My ma is a lucid dreamer also. She could sell some of hers to the movie studios. They would put Inception to shame. She came up with the Benjamin Button plot some 20 years ago.
So after doing my research, I am not sure I have any better understanding of how exactly dreams are manufactured within our fatty cortexes, but perhaps I can better catagorize my dreams with this knowledge. I am a lucid illusory dreamer which makes me deluded. Sounds about right. I was further musing on thought, which is one of my favorite muses- explains my fascination with Linguistics- as language is an attempt to express thought. Are Dreams "thoughts? What about daydreams and wishes and opinions and desires and hopes, and fears? They all take place in our noggins (though sometimes it feels more like our gut). Are different chemicals responsible for the different thoughts? Or am I mixing up "thoughts" and "emotions"? Does one preced the other? Chicken or egg? It's fascinating to me. Kind of like how the picture and sound travel through wires and appear on the television. One of those things that is magical to me and that I just have to accept that someone has unlocked the secret but it may never be revealed to me. There is never a boring moment in my deluded mind. Too much to ponder.
Q: What's a goblin's favorite flavor?
A: Lemon n' Slime.
Q: Why wasn't the vampire working?
A: He was on his coffin break.
Q: How do ghosts fly from one place to another?
A: By scareplane.
Q: How do you picture yourself flying on a broom?
A: By witchful thinking.
Q: What's a ghoul's favorite breakfast cereal?
A: Rice Creepies.
Q: Why did the witch's mail rattle?
A: It was a chain letter.
Q: Why did the vampire's lunch give her heartburn?
A: It was a stake sandwich.
Q: What instrument does a skeleton play?
A: A trombone.
Q: Why was the zombie so grumpy?
A: She woke up too early in the mourning.
Q: What directions did the ghost give the goblin?
A: "Make a fright turn at the corner."
Q: What do birds give out on Halloween?
Q: What's a vampire's favorite feast?
A: Fangsgiving Day dinner.
Q: What do little trees say on Halloween?
A: Twig or treat.
Q: What do goblins mail home while on vacation?
Q: Why did the vampire need mouthwash?
A: She had bat breath.
1) What do you say to a ghost with three heads?
Hello, hello, hello.
2) What did the baby ghost eat for dinner?
A boo-loney sandwich.
3) What kind of street does a ghost like best?
A dead end.
4) What do you get when you cross a were-wolf with a drip-dry suit?
5) What did the papa ghost say to the baby ghost?
Fasten your sheet belt.
6) What is a witch with poison ivy called?
An itchy witchy.
7) Who does a ghoul fall in love with?
His ghoul friend.
8) Where do vampires live?
In the Vampire State Building.
9) Who are some of the werewolves cousins?
The whatwolves and the whenwolves.
10) What is a vampires favorite mode of transportation?
A blood vessel.
11) What did Dr. Frankenstein get when he put his goldfish's brain in the body of his dog?
I don't know, but it is great at chasing submarines.
12) What do you call a dog owned by Dracula?
A blood hound.
13) Why are black cats such good singers?
They're very mewsical.
14) What's a cold, evil candle called?
The wicked wick of the north.
15) What kind of hot dogs do werewolves like best?
16) Where do little ghosts learn to yell "BOO!"?
In noisery school.
17) What does a goblin shop for?
18) How can you tell when windows are scared?
They get shudders.
19) What do you call serious rocks?
20) Why did the witch stand up in front of the audience?
She had to give a screech.
Q: Why don't monsters eat clowns?
A: Because they taste funny.
Q. Why couldn't the witch have babies?
A. Because here husband has crystal balls.
Q: What did the Dracula say to his teacher?
A: See you next Period!
Q: What does Dracula eat on his nachos?
A: Halloween'o peppers of course :)
Q: Why didn't the skeleton dance at the party?
A: He had no body to dance with.
Q: Why did the mummy go on vacation?
A: He needed to unwind!
Q: What is a vampire's favorite type of
A: A nectarine!
Top 10 Signs You Are Too Old to Be Trick or Treating
Joke submitted by: Anonymous
10. You get winded from knocking on the door.
9. You have to have another kid chew the candy for you.
8. You ask for high fiber candy only.
7. When someone drops a candy bar in your bag, you lose your balanceand fall over.
6. People say, "Great Keith Richards mask!" and you're not wearing a mask.
5. When the door opens you yell, "Trick or..." and can't remember the rest.
4. By the end of the night, you have a bag full of restraining orders.
3. You have to carefully choose a costume that won't dislodge your hairpiece.
2. You're the only Power Ranger in the neighborhood with a walker.
1. You avoid going to houses where your ex-wives live.
What do you get when you cross a vampire and a snowman?
Why do witches use brooms to fly on?
Because vacuum cleaners are too heavy...
How do witches keep their hair in place while flying?
With scare spray...
What do you get when you cross a werewolf and a vampire?
A fur coat that fangs around your neck...
Do zombies eat popcorn with their fingers?
No, they eat the fingers separately...
Why don't skeletons ever go out on the town?
Because they don't have any body to go out with...
check out today's front page all around the world!
The most pitiful among men is he who turns his dreams into silver and gold.
There are those who look at things the way they are, and ask why... I dream of things that never were, and ask why not?
Those who have compared our life to a dream were right... we were sleeping wake, and waking sleep.
Michel de Montaigne
We all dream; we do not understand our dreams, yet we act as if nothing strange goes on in our sleep minds, strange at least by comparison with the logical, purposeful doings of our minds when we are awake.
We all have dreams. But in order to make dreams come into reality, it takes an awful lot of determination, dedication, self-discipline, and effort.
Who looks outside, dreams; who looks inside, awakes.
I stand for freedom of expression, doing what you believe in, and going after your dreams.
I tell people I'm too stupid to know what's impossible. I have ridiculously large dreams, and half the time they come true.
I think we dream so we don't have to be apart so long. If we're in each other's dreams, we can play together all night.
Ideologies separate us. Dreams and anguish bring us together.
If one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with success unexpected in common hours.
Henry David Thoreau
If you take responsibility for yourself you will develop a hunger to accomplish your dreams.
In dreams begins responsibility.
William Butler Yeats
It takes a lot of courage to show your dreams to someone else.
Judge of your natural character by what you do in your dreams.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Living in dreams of yesterday, we find ourselves still dreaming of impossible future conquests.
Myths are public dreams, dreams are private myths.
No one should negotiate their dreams. Dreams must be free to fly high. No government, no legislature, has a right to limit your dreams. You should never agree to surrender your dreams.
One of the most adventurous things left us is to go to bed. For no one can lay a hand on our dreams.
E. V. Lucas
Only in our dreams are we free. The rest of the time we need wages.
Our truest life is when we are in dreams awake.
Henry David Thoreau
People need dreams, there's as much nourishment in 'em as food.
Reality is wrong. Dreams are for real.
So many of our dreams at first seem impossible, then they seem improbable, and then, when we summon the will, they soon become inevitable.
The best way to make your dreams come true is to wake up.
The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.
A man is not old until regrets take the place of dreams.
All men dream, but not equally. Those who dream by night in the dusty recesses of their minds, wake in the day to find that it was vanity: but the dreamers of the day are dangerous men, for they may act on their dreams with open eyes, to make them possible.
T. E. Lawrence
All of us failed to match our dreams of perfection. So I rate us on the basis of our splendid failure to do the impossible.
All our dreams can come true, if we have the courage to pursue them.
All the things one has forgotten scream for help in dreams.
Dream manfully and nobly, and thy dreams shall be prophets.
Dream no small dreams for they have no power to move the hearts of men.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Dreams are illustrations... from the book your soul is writing about you.
Dreams are necessary to life.
Dreams are the touchstones of our character.
Henry David Thoreau
Dreams are today's answers to tomorrow's questions.
Dreams are true while they last, and do we not live in dreams?
Alfred Lord Tennyson
Dreams have only one owner at a time. That's why dreamers are lonely.
Dreams pass into the reality of action. From the actions stems the dream again; and this interdependence produces the highest form of living.
Dreams will get you nowhere, a good kick in the pants will take you a long way.
God's gifts put man's best dreams to shame.
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
I am accustomed to sleep and in my dreams to imagine the same things that lunatics imagine when awake.
I don't design clothes, I design dreams.
I don't use drugs, my dreams are frightening enough.
M. C. Escher
I have always been amazed at the way an ordinary observer lends so much more credence and attaches so much more importance to waking events than to those occurring in dreams... Man... is above all the plaything of his memory.
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